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What Is Nitrile Gloves Made of? Here’s What You Should Know

Writen by Joshua Clark

Fact checked by Daniel Rocha

what is nitrile gloves made of

Each of us knew that Nitrile is a common glove material. But, what is nitrile gloves made of? I can give a short answer: they are made from a synthetic material called nitrile butadiene rubber (NBR).

So what are their features? Do you know why it is more popular than Latex or Vinyl? Don’t worry. Everything you need to know about these gloves is here. Some sections are:

  • The definition of nitrile.
  • The development of nitrile gloves material.
  • Nitrile glove applications.
  • The difference between nitrile, latex, and vinyl gloves.
  • FAQs about nitrile gloves.

Let’s read this article right now!

What Is Nitrile?

Nitrile is a kind of latex with the full term as nitrile butadiene rubber. But, unlike classic latex, nitrile contains no latex proteins or typical latex.

The synthesis of nitrile is a complicated process that comprises several chemical steps. The using method includes the combination of two nitrile gloves ingredients from rubber polymers. They are butadiene and acrylonitrile. To create a flexible yet thin synthetic latex, they will first combine and coagulate into one. Then they mold into nitrile gloves. As a result, it is ideal for those allergic to latex and who cannot wear traditional rubber latex gloves.

What Is the Purpose of Developing a Synthetic Rubber Material?


Do you ever wonder why other gloves aren’t developed, but nitrile is? What is the source of its appeal?

  • The allergic problem is the primary and most important factor. I’ve heard that many people who use latex gloves for their regular work are forced to use rubber gloves. Excessive touch causes the skin on the hands to become sensitive and allergic. Despite this, people must push themselves to use it because most gloves are comparable to rubber. How bad is this? Allergies put them at risk for pain and perhaps death.
  • Aside from that, there are a slew of additional reasons. Nitrile gloves are more resistant to acids and oils than rubber gloves, making them more helpful in various occupations. Furthermore, nitrile gloves are abrasion and puncture resistant, adding to the wearer’s safety.
  • Finally, even disposable nitrile gloves have excellent tactile sensitivity. Moreover, they can conform to the hand better than rubber gloves and much better in some cases. Our emotions are still the most significant, right?

How Are Nitrile Gloves Made?

So, how are nitrile gloves made? With a few differences, the processes in this procedure are pretty similar to those in the fabrication of latex gloves:

First, workers employed manufacturing technology to clean and remove ceramic, hand-shaped objects by passing them through water and bleach.

Once the forms are dry, workers immerse forms in calcium carbonate. Calcium nitrate combinations will aid in coagulation the raw materials for nitrile gloves around the shapes. Depending on the glove made, the forms are dipped in either NBR or PVC tanks.

After drying, the gloves are heated to a high temperature to form. When fabricating Nitrile gloves, two distinct processes may improve glove-wearing. Polymer coating and chlorination are the two processes. The polymer coating is the process of putting a layer of polymer to the glove surface to lubricate it. Instead, chlorination uses an acid solution to harden and smooth the fabric, making it more durable and supple.

The stripped process is the last step of the nitrile gloves manufacturing process. Separate the gloves from the forms. The gloves are then subjected to quality assurance testing after manufacture. They must meet the requirements of the Food and Drug Administration and other health agencies. The gloves are subsequently delivered to distribution centers, where customers may purchase them.

Nitrile Gloves Applications


Nitrile is a popular choice since people may use it in various industries. Because of the usefulness of these gloves, nitrile is the first option of many experts globally. Who are nitrile gloves used for? I’ll discuss a few particular objects:

  • In the medical profession, nitrile is commonly employed. Why? Because of its high resistance to infection. It’s also more durable than latex gloves.
  • Scientists are required to work with caustic or toxic compounds due to the nature of their profession. Nitrile gloves are their best friends. They are safer now that they have the equipment to handle samples safely.
  • Tattoo artists use these sorts of gloves and body piercings to keep their customers clean and safe when doing body alterations. Tattoos have a significant influence on the client’s skin. Hence an appropriate set of gloves is required.
  • Foodservice and workers also use nitrile gloves. The use of nitrile gloves’ raw material may help to prepare safer foods. They are a fantastic kitchen tool for preparing, managing and serving food.
  • The hairdresser’s job is to steam or massage the client’s hair. Due to high levels of chemical exposure, gloves will protect themselves from hair treatments and establish a sterile environment for clients.
  • Automotive technicians and other professionals also use nitrile gloves. Gloves protect themselves from grease and further damage when working on engines, gearboxes, and other systems.

The Difference Between Nitrile, Latex, and Vinyl Gloves

A helpful video for you:

1. Gloves made of latex

Since the 1980s and 1990s, latex gloves have been in use. It was beneficial because there were already various blood-borne viral infections. As they grow in popularity, so does the number of people who suffer from allergies. Latex is a form of resin extracted from the natural rubber tree; hence, Latex is sometimes referred to as rubber. Latex gloves are generated during the manufacturing process, including heat and chemicals. It’s a great protective layer, fits well with gloves, and is supple. Gloves enable users to prevent contact with sharp items that might cause injury, corrosive substances, skin burns, or electrostatic devices that can cause death.

2. Gloves made of vinyl

Vinyl gloves are made of PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) and are clear white. They are safe to use and help protect hands from invading microorganisms. The product comprises natural rubber. This is powder-free and popular in food processing and clean rooms. Hence, it does not cause skin allergies. This tool has a non-slip design that hugs the wrist, soft, elastic, and non-slip. So it produces a comfortable sensation for the user and makes it acceptable for wearing.

Gloves made of vinyl protect your hands from stains, antibacterial agents, and chemicals such as grease, solvents, and other oils. You may find environmentally friendly products in medications, food, industry, electronics, seafood, and everyday life. Compared to latex and nitrile, they aren’t as tough or long-lasting. Moreover, they provide little protection from chemical or biological exposure. Each molecule in vinyl gloves breaks apart when the gloves are bent or stretched in any way. Because of its low cost, it is used by specific individuals in less risky areas.

Q&A About Nitrile Gloves

How long do nitrile gloves last?

If you need a pair of gloves that will last a long time, Nitrile gloves are the way to go. However, like any other natural thing, they will eventually decompose. You must take proper care of your nitrile gloves if you want them to last a long time. One thing to keep in mind is to keep it away from direct sunshine and heat sources.

For mechanic gloves, should you go with nitrile or latex?

A durable, agile, and chemically resistant glove is ideal for most mechanics. Because of this, they always go for the black nitrile gloves. The use of nitrile gloves was for what purpose? Nitrile gloves can’t be compared to latex gloves in any way. High puncture resistance and chemical resistance are two different noteworthy features. Gloves come in some industry-specific colors, including blue and white.


What are your opinions on nitrile gloves? What is nitrile gloves made of After all, nitrile has become our preferred glove material! Because there are few suitable and reasonably priced replacements, demand for gloves will stay high. Human knowledge of bioterrorism and safety has increased as people’s living conditions have risen. Thanks for reading.

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